Author - adol16

COUNTRIES AND FORESTS

In addition to the economic benefits of forests, the importance of protecting the natural balance is better understood every day. As a result of rapid population growth, urbanization, increasing environmental problems and deterioration of ecosystem in the world and in our country, the expectations of the society from forests are changing and changing. Forests are one of the most renewable natural resources, and besides the production of wood raw materials, the forests have ecological and socio-cultural functions. In this context, [...]


WOOD AND HUMAN

It is known that the largest carbon dioxide emissions in the world are made by fossil fuels and humans, but absorption is made by a large amount of trees and plants. When trees grow, they absorb CO2 from the atmosphere by photosynthesis and accumulate them as carbon in their organic structure. In this process, they begin to give oxygen to the atmosphere. Therefore, approximately 49% of the agac mass consists of carbon. While an average tree grows on the basis [...]


TREATMENT OF TREE TO ENERGY

One of the most important inputs that play a role in the development of countries is energy. Wood, one of the most important products of forests, has been one of the greatest energy sources of human being from past to present. Nowadays, CARBON has started to be produced as a result of the developments in the recent years from the wood used for heating and cooking purposes. As a result of the sustainable energy supply of the countries, wood has [...]


ECONOMIC TRANSFORMATION OF TREES

Turkey has a solid history of forestry based on the Ottoman Empire. The forest surface area consists of 21.2 million hectares to 77.6 million hectares (27.2%) Approximately 70% of the timber is used in construction, 20% in furniture, while 10% is used in packaging and other industries. Lumber consumption per capita is between 0,075-0,085 m³. Wood-forest products sector is an important sector in terms of economic development and especially rural employment. Wood-forest products sector includes the production of very common product groups [...]


CARBON

Carbon (C) is a nonmetal element in group 4A of the periodic table. Although it is very common in nature, it constitutes about 0.2% of the earth’s crust. In contrast, the compound forms more compounds than the other elements. Carbon is the main element of coal and organic compounds. Carbon is a solid showing various allotropic forms. Carbon has 4 allotropes. These are amorphous, graphite, diamond and fullerene. Among the crystallized types, however, diamond and graphite are very well defined. They [...]


USES OF CARBON

The areas of use of carbon are so broad that they appear as carbon or carbon compounds almost everywhere. Coal and coke is an extremely common type of fuel. Wood charcoal is used as absorption and filtration agent and fuel. It is also used as raw material in powder production. Carbon black is used in the production of ink, carbon paper, typewriter strip and paint. It is added to the rubber to increase the durability of the tires. Used in [...]


THE IMPORTANCE OF CARBON

It is possible to see carbon or compounds everywhere from the earth crust to the vegetation and from the seas to the atmosphere. It is also an element that forms the basis of everything from our car tires to our computer, the natural gas we use, cellulose, the meat we eat, the DNA in our cells. English chemist Nevil Sidgwick, in his book Chemical Elements and Their Compounds; expresses the importance of carbon for living things: Carbon is a completely [...]


CARBON CYCLE AND GLOBAL WARMING

It is the carbon cycle that ensures the survival of the world. This cycle, in an equilibrium, “circulates”. It ensures that the heat entering the atmosphere of the world is less than the heat escaping from the atmosphere. That is, carbon dioxide, a carbon compound, acts as a heat shield around the Earth. This is called the greenhouse effect. If the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere increases, global warming occurs as it is today. On the other [...]