THE EVALUATION OF WOOD AND WOOD WASTE
Our country is very lucky in terms of forests and forestry in biomass energy production.
In our country, especially the production residues, forest maintenance, renewal, improvement in technical forestry applications are deemed necessary. From an ecological point of view inconvenient woody and suede, herbs, twigs, woody shells, such as cores, thin material residues needs to be used in the production of biomass energy.
In the last three years, Turkey’s firewood production volumes averaged 6.1 million m3, the amount of residue that is not subject to production of 3.5 million m3. Branches and twigs amount is 0.4 million m3, totaling of 10 million m3. According to a conversion chart 1 m3 wood is about 0.400 kg of the dry weight. According to this conversion, Turkey’s total bioenergy production potential is observed to be 4 million kg.
Fuel can be obtained from woody biomass by reducing the size of crushing and grinding, drying, filtration, pelletizing, briquetting and conversion processes.
At the same time processing woody shells and cores result in multi purpose charcoal and activated carbon products
CONVERSİON INDUSTRIAL WASTE CHARCOAL AND CARBON
Other oddments that are not suitable for production and non-economical to transport, especially those of companies producing hardwood, are converted into charcoal in our CPS system.
In our country, because of the fact that these residues are not evaluated sufficiently, the sources in 2014 data show that 225,878,000 (million dollars) are paid abroad for importation of coal.
CONVERSION OF CORES AND SHELLS TO CHARCOAL AND CARBON
As a country whose fifth in the production of peach production The core of the peach fruit and the cross-linked macro porous acrylonitrile divinely benzene (AN / DVB) copolymer are the starting materials used in the production of activated carbon.
In addition to the peach cores, some fruit cores and shells (cherry, walnut, apricot olives) that grow in our country have the same characteristics.
In charcoal and activated carbon production, coconut shell and other cores (cherry, walnut, apricot, almond and olive) are used as a source.
A raw material that is natural or synthetic needs to be abundantly available for carbon production to be economical
The structure of the raw material used has been evaluated based on the peach cores
Our country is the fifth in the world ranking in peach production with 485.000 tons (2006). By transforming the peach cores given to the environment into active carbon as a solid waste from the fruit juice production facilities, the protection of the environment will be ensured and a significant contribution will be made to our country’s economy by providing an adsorbent material used in large quantities from domestic sources.
- CONVERSION OF SAWDUST AND WOOD CHIP INTO PELLETS
- CONVERSION OF PELLETS TO CHARCOAL WITH CPS SYSTEM
In recent years, high life standards expectation, individual energy consumption and increase in the population of the country rapidly increase the need for energy.
Forest products such as timber, panel materials, furniture, building materials
During the production and processing, significant amounts of sawdust and wood residues are observed.
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), as of 2014, 5 615 000 m³ of timber was produced in our country and approximately 600 000 m³ of sawdust were produced during this production. As of 2014, the production of 3 232 000 m³ composite wood (flake and fiber board) was realized and approximately 1 400 000 m³ of wood residues were produced during this production.
The wood industry uses residues, sawdust and chips to make wood pellets by pressing them. The use of wood pellets as fuel instead of wood residue, dust and its parts brings many advantages.
Therefore, the use of wood dust pellets in place of fossil fuels or in combination with other fossil fuels will contribute significantly to the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions in our country.
In addition, the carbonization of wood chip pellets with the pyrolysis system creates economically more efficient use areas or is used for carbon conversion.